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The Home Depot

Mosaic Flooring Guide

Pro Referral > Home Guides > Flooring > Mosaic Flooring Guide
Mosaic Flooring Guide

Mosaic flooring is gaining popularity in contemporary home décor due to its unique look. Its durability and timeless appeal are other factors that add to the desirability of mosaic flooring. A variety of designs can be achieved with mosaic tiles and these can either be made from a single color or various colors. Tiles made out of different types of materials are available and you can choose the ones you want based on your needs and your budget.

  1. 1.Check Your Mosaic Flooring with Authorities

    Hardwood, stone, ceramic, porcelain, and glass are some of the popular choices of tile used in mosaic flooring.

    There are no permit requirements for installing mosaic tiling but checking with your local authorities before you begin may be helpful. Also, if you are a member of some kind of housing association, you might want to check with them if it is alright to go ahead with your project.

  2. 2.Types of Mosaic Flooring

    Hardwood, stone, ceramic, porcelain, and glass are some of the popular choices of tile used in mosaic flooring. Mosaic tiling is an acquired art and anyone with some talent for color and design can master it in a short time. It basically involves finding a pattern, choosing the tiles, and installing it in the right manner.

  3. 3.Deciding the Mosaic Flooring Pattern

    It is possible to come up with a wide range of designs and patterns but the one you choose must be in keeping with your skills and abilities. If you are a beginner, you might want to start with a simple design comprising of clear outlines. If you have some design or artwork that you want to replicate, you can attain a copy of it and resize it to match the design of the mosaic. Then copy the design using tracing paper.

  5. 4.Choosing the Mosaic Flooring Tile

    There are a myriad of things to consider when choosing the right kind of tile for your mosaic. The primary considerations should be the cost involved, the design you want, and the kind of foot traffic the mosaic will see. The last will depend on the location of the mosaic—for instance, if the mosaic will be in the bathroom, porcelain, ceramic, or glass tile may be suitable while hardwood flooring would be ideal in the foyer or reception. If you want to put in a mosaic somewhere outside, then pebble might also be an option. Some designs may specify which tiles need to be used for you to obtain the right effect. In this case, you do not have to spend time wondering about which tiles to use.

  6. 5.Mosaic Flooring Preparations

    Once you choose the tile, you will have to prepare the area for installing the mosaic. If there are any obstacles on the surface where the mosaic is to be laid, those will have to be removed. If there are any plumbing fixtures, they will have to be moved and small indentations can be filled in with epoxy mortar. You can also mark lines with chalk to ensure that the tiles are symmetrical and not out of line. In most instances, the tile will just have to be peeled away from a sheet.

  7. 6.Mosaic Tile Setting

    The two common methods on installing mosaic tiles are—direct and indirect. In the direct method, all that needs to be done is a fast adhesive has to be applied to keep the tiles in place on the surface. The indirect method is ideal for intricate designs and may be a little complicated for first-timers. It is also a method suitable for large surfaces and here adhesive does not have to be applied to each tile individually. All the tiles can be placed facedown on a sheet of gummed paper and once the tiles are in place, the paper can be flipped over and set onto the pre-grouted mosaic surface.


    Mosaic floors can be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner or soapy water. Most type of dirt and grime can be cleaned using one of these methods. Baking soda diluted with water can also be used to clean the mosaic tiles. Acid can be used only for extremely stubborn stains but also used quite infrequently. It should be sufficiently diluted because a strong solution can damage the tiles.

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