Trees and shrubs are an essential part of every yard and garden. They not only add to the aesthetic appeal of a property but also help maintain the ecological balance and replenish the oxygen. Maintenance of trees and shrubs will differ depending on the types of species planted, the seasons, and the kind of soil where they are planted.
While planting trees or shrubs, it is best to plant the varieties that are known to thrive in conditions such as where you live. Care needs to be taken right from the time of planting the trees. Testing the soil before doing any major planting will help you obtain a better idea of what plants to choose.
1.The Natural Growth Process
Trees and shrubs need to be nurtured with extraordinary care and attention. This has to begin right from the first growing season of the plant. Doing this will ensure that the sapling grows into a healthy shrub or tree and will go on to produce flowers and fruits when it is time.
Once the trees or shrubs are planted, it is important to water them. Spreading some mulch around will help the soil stay moist for a longer time and this may make all the difference during those first few weeks. You may also have to provide some type of support for the new trees till they grow stronger and are able to stay upright on their own. The support could be in the form of a stake tied to the tree with a wire and kept a little distance away from the tree.
3.Mulching the Right Way
Mulches can also be organic or inorganic. Bark chips, shredded bark, wood shavings, sawdust, and yard waste are all examples of organic mulches. They are also very affordable and serve the purpose just as well as their inorganic counterparts. Mulch can help reduce the soil temperature and also combat the menace of weeds. Old mulch must be removed before putting in the new. The older mulch can turn into a haven for insects and disease if it is not replaced.
4.How to Prune
Pruning regularly can help the plants stay healthy since it helps do away with diseased and dead parts. It also helps give the plants an attractive look. Pruning is also a good way of keeping the surrounding area safe from falling branches and blocked pathways. If the pruning shears are first wiped with bleach or rubbing alcohol, it will act as a disinfectant and keep disease from spreading.
5.The Right Tools
Having the appropriate tools for pruning and shaping will make work easy. Pruning shears, lopping shears, hedge shears, hand saws, pole saws, and even chain saws may be required depending on the type of trees and shrubs to be trimmed. All the blades must be sharp for efficient and quick cutting. This will prevent damage and help the cuts heal faster.
The first two years are crucial in the formation of a tree and hence, that is the time when they most need water. If the soil is not particularly fertile, then fertilizers may have to be added to supplement the nutrients. Depending on your personal preference you can choose either organic fertilizers or the regular chemical ones. But moderation is the key here and using too much fertilizer can prove to be harmful rather than helpful. Nitrogen helps speedy trunk and branch growth while phosphorus targets the roots. Potassium builds immunity while iron can help release the other nutrients that are crucial to a tree’s growth. Early spring is an ideal and historic time to fertilize.
Having the appropriate tools for pruning and shaping will make work easy.
Tree and shrub maintenance is not a noticeably time consuming process and does not require an abundant of physical effort either. Following a routine can help you keep your trees and shrubs in the best condition all throughout the year which will increase the quality of your life, give you something constructive to do, and enhance the value of your property.